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Amman Congress 2000IUCN Second World Conservation Congress : Images and RealAudio for 4 October

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Wednesday, 4 October The Second Session of the IUCN World Conservation Congress was officially opened at an evening ceremony on Wednesday, 4 October, in Amman, Jordan. More than 2,000 individuals from 140 countries representing governments, UN agencies, NGOs and the private sector are expected to participate in the Congress, which will convene through 11 October to address the theme of "Ecospace." The opening of the Congress was proceeded by the first Earth Forum, a day long meeting co-hosted by the Earth Council and IUCN which brought together experts to debate "Where are we going? Prospects for the earth in the new millennium."


Left: Participants waiting for the Opening Ceremony to begin in the magnificent 2000 year-old Roman amphitheatre in Amman.

Mohammad Halaikah, Deputy Prime Minister of Jordan, championed IUCN's debt for nature initiative and emphasized IUCN's advocacy role in assisting governments to address issues such as trade liberalization, genetically modified organisms (GMOs) and transboundary concerns.
Klaus Töpfer, UNEP Executive Director, said conservation and development must be made the twin criteria of human progress, and stressed the need to learn to live off of nature's dividends instead of its capital. Regarding biodiversity, he noted the serious economic and social costs of its loss and stressed that the respect for ecological diversity implies respect for human diversity.
  RealAudio excerpts of Töpfer's speech
Maurice Strong, Chairman of the Earth Council, overviewed progress since UNCED, noting that it has not been significant, that the Earth Charter is still unfinished business, and that the current focus needs to be civil society and partnerships. He stressed that the role of civil society has increased, with globalization as a focal point. Regarding poverty eradication, he remarked that "the poor are preoccupied with their next meal, the rich with their next deal."
RealAudio excerpts of Strong's speech
Yolanda Kakabadse, IUCN President (far left), expressed gratitude to Queen Noor for her dedication to IUCN. She said current environmental devastation is beyond human comprehension and identified biodiversity loss as the world's most pressing crisis. She hoped the conference will make a difference for the Earth.
RealAudio excerpts of Kakabadse's speech
Queen Noor noted that although IUCN has been effective at the grassroots, national and international levels, regional issues have been neglected. She stressed that environmental security cannot exist without peaceful cooperation between States, and that environmental protection is a pre-requisite for socioeconomic security. She proposed that Arabic be adopted as one of IUCN's official languages and urged all religions to unite through their mutual respect for nature.
RealAudio excerpts of Queen Noor's speech:
Part one
 Part two

Maritta Koch-Weser, Director-General of IUCN, welcomed participants, including representatives of the Jordanian Royal Family. She emphasized the importance of expanding dialogue beyond the inner environment circle and suggested future Earth Forums be held on the margins of climate change or biodiversity convention meetings with private sector, civil society and scientific representatives.
Prince Talal Ibn Mohammad read a letter on behalf of King Abdullah II, which noted Jordan's environmental commitment as an essential component of building a culture of peace.
Klaus Schwab, President, World Economic Forum (far right), stressed that the Earth Forum's thematic sessions were designed with an integrated approach in terms of stakeholders, geography and systems.
View of the ballroom at the Amman Hyatt during the opening of the Earth Forum
From left to right: Alicia Barcena, Director of ECLAC; José Maria Figueres Olson, former President of Costa Rica; Ralph Petersen, CEO, CH2Mhill; and Marshall Gysi, Managing Director, International Federation of Consulting Engineers.
José Maria Figueres Olson, former President of Costa Rica (left), called for a change in development trends and for encouraging sustainability-oriented business. He supported the creation of international development indicators and the implementation of "bio-literacy" among new generations.
RealAudio excerpts of Figueres Olson's speech
From left to right: Maximo Kalaw, Executive Director, National Council for Sustainable Development Programme; Claude Martin, Director General, WWF International; and panel moderator José Maria Figueres Olson.
Martin said civil society represents many agendas and noted issues regarding NGO accountability. He urged greater media involvement to divert attention from demonstrations to the substance of the debates. He commended cross-sectoral partnerships, such as the Forest Stewardship Council.
RealAudio excerpts of Martin's speech
Left: Elizabeth Odio, Vice President of Costa Rica. Yolanda Kakabadse (right), President of IUCN, remarked that during UNCED civil society was involved to an unprecedented degree. She expressed confusion about demonstrations in Seattle and Prague where she saw the interests of environmental NGOs being subsumed by those of other groups.
RealAudio excerpts of Kakabadse's speech
Klaus Töpfer, UNEP Executive Director (left), said civil society is not a monolithic block. He underscored fighting the negative effects of globalization to maintain cultural diversity and within the context of society. He said the poor must be given the opportunity to organize and voice their interests, and underscored the importance of land tenure and democratically elected decision makers.
Queen Noor spoke to VIPs over lunch, announcing the formation of the Friends of IUCN group. Several of the prominent figures at the luncheon, which included heads of delegations and heads of convention secretariats, were invited to join the new group.

Mark Halle, European Director and Coordinator, IISD Environment and Security Task Force (below, left), said resource scarcity, environmental mismanagement, and growing population and consumption levels are as much root causes of violent conflicts as natural disasters. He suggested sound resource management could reduce the costs of humanitarian relief.
RealAudio excerpts of Halle's speech

Richard Matthew, Assistant Professor of International and Environmental Politics, University of California at Irvine (center), highlighted environmental stress and resultant social impacts, including increased vulnerability to natural disasters and violent conflicts. He remarked that exposure to severe environmental stress corresponds to levels of industrialization and noted that early warning systems require prohibitive quantities of data.
RealAudio of Matthew's speech

Far right: Juan Mayr, Minister of Environment of Colombia, discussed general issues of local, national, regional, and global environmental conflict, including: identifying stakeholders; finding a common language; and seeking innovative, creative solutions.
Mohamed Sahnoun, Special Advisor to the UN Secretary-General (left) and Frans van Haren, Ambassador of the Netherlands to Brazil.
Earth Forum participants during a show of hands
On the left: Joke Waller-Hunter, Environment Directorate, OECD. On the right: Joe Firmage, Chairman & CEO, Project Voyager, described the rapid developments in Silicon Valley and called for a "reprogramming" of the economic machine. He questioned why the free market can attribute US$50 billion to Yahoo, an Internet search engine, based on the anticipation of future value, but is unable to anticipate the future value of a productive society in Africa. He noted that taxation of natural resources may reduce consumption, but could limit access only to the wealthy.
RealAudio excerpts of Firmage's speech
Timothy Wirth, President of the United Nations Foundation and Jose Goldemberg, University of São Paulo

Maurice Strong, Earth Council Chairman, thanked participants for their input and said the Earth Forum was designed as a "town hall" of the global village to open dialogue on big questions but not to exhaustively examine all issues.

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