Friday and Saturday, 9-10 December
Russian Federation, for the Arctic Council, encouraged Parties to
consider issues related to the Arctic region in their work on
mitigation and on reducing the impacts of, and vulnerability to, climate change.
Didier Coulomb, Director of the International Institute of Refrigeration,
stressed the need to continue to phase out CFCs and HCFCs since these have both
ozone-depleting and global-warming effects.
Claude Mandil, Executive Director, International Energy Agency,
highlighted the importance of emissions trading mechanisms, energy
efficiency, and technology development in a strategy to transform the world's
On behalf of the International Council for Local Environmental
Initiatives, Montréal Mayor Gérald Tremblay thanked
American and Australian cities for their action to reduce emissions, and
emphasized local governments' commitment to reduce emissions by 80%
Christine Milne, Vice President, The World Conservation Union, called on
Parties to ensure that adequate and predictable resources are provided
for the effective implementation of the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol in the
first commitment period and beyond.
The International Confederation of Free Trade Unions emphasized their
potential to contribute to the climate process by mobilizing millions of
Speaking for women, Minu Hemmati of Women Develop Eco-techniques urged
consideration of gender perspectives within the climate change process,
especially in adaptation measures and projects.
On behalf of business and industry, Daniel Gagnier, Senior Vice
President of Alcan Inc., reflected on the challenges involved in
the transition to low-carbon economies, and highlighted the need for
certainty and long-term policies to foster investment and development of
Speaking for CAN International, Steven Guilbeault, Climate Action
Network-Canada, highlighted indirect impacts of climate change and the
need for adaptation, financing and multiplying opportunities for
developing countries to participate in the CDM.
Former U.S. President Bill Clinton Visits COP 11 and COP/MOP 1
In his speech, Clinton praised efforts made at the local level to combat
climate change, and encouraged setting more granular targets on renewable
energy and other measures, rather than simply broad national targets.
After addressing delegates, Clinton met with youth delegates, and
spoke with them about the economic and job-creation benefits of
reducing greenhouse gases.
Clinton and Prime Minister Paul Martin, Canada, held a joint press
conference, encouraging both continued US involvement in the UNFCCC
process and multilateral consideration of voluntary technological
measures like those proposed by the US.
Closing COP/MOP 1 and COP 11 Sessions
The Russian Federation asked that text on voluntary commitments be added
to the document on Protocol Article 3.9 (FCCC/KP/CMP/2005/L.8/Rev.1).
Speaking for the G-77/China, Jamaica noted that Article 3.9 deals with
legally binding commitments, and questioned how text on voluntary
commitments could be accommodated.
Speaking for the EU, the UK noted that if it were not for Russia, the
Kyoto Protocol would not have entered into force, and expressed regrets
that Russia felt its concerns had not been addressed.
Brazil stressed that Article 3.9 deals only with Annex 1 parties, while
the Russian proposal does not deal with Annex 1 parties, making it
impossible to consider under Article 3.9.
Germany sincerely appealed to Russia to compromise, and promised to work
with them to further discussion of mechanisms for voluntary commitments.
Speaking for AOSIS, Tuvalu expressed hopes that the proposal by Russia
could be discussed under Article 9 of the Protocol.
Norway urged Russia to accept a compromise, noting that the decision would
ensure there was no gap between the first and second commitment periods
under the Kyoto Protocol.
During the closing COP session, Joshua Wairoto stated Kenya's intention
to host COP 12 and COP/MOP 2 in Nairobi next year.
President Dion gaveled the meeting to a close at 6:16 am, Saturday, 10
Around COP 11 and COP/MOP 1
Mounties with trained dogs ensured the venue was safe for today's VIPs.
The final "Fossil of the Day" awards were swept by the United States,
which took all three places for Friday.
Mayor Tremblay, former President Clinton, and Prime Minister Martin chatted
During the all-night session, many delegates got whatever sleep they could,
by any means possible. Extra rows of chairs were put to good use.
Delegates from Saudi Arabia studied documents during the closing session.